s.3 Children Act 1989


1.  In this Act “parental responsibility” means all the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities             and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and his property. 


2.  It also includes the rights, powers and duties which a guardian of the child’s estate                        (appointed, before the commencement of s.5, to act generally) would have had in relation            to the child and his property. 


3.  The rights referred to in subsection 2 include, in particular, the right of the guardian to                receive or recover in his own name, for the benefit of the child, property of whatever                    description and wherever situated which the child is entitled to receive or recover. 


4.  The fact that a person has, or does not have, parental responsibility for a child shall not                affect – 


      a)   any obligation which he may have in relation to the child (such as a statutory duty to                     maintain the child); or


     b)   any rights which, in the event of the child’s death, he (or any other person) may have in               relation to the child’s property.


5.  A person who –


      a)  does not have parental responsibility for a particular child; but


      b)  has care of the child,


      may (subject to the provisions of this Act) do what is reasonable in all the circumstances of           the case for the purpose of safeguarding or promoting the child’s welfare.